Chọn ngành học theo theo nhu cầu nhân lực của tỉnh bang

Chọn ngành học theo theo nhu cầu nhân lực của tỉnh bang. Canada là quốc gia Bắc Mỹ có diện tích lớn thứ 2 thế giới sau Nga và có nền kinh tế lớn thứ 10 thế giới theo xếp hạng gần nhất của World Economic League Table Report (cebr.com). Cũng theo tổ chức này, dự đoán đến năm 14 năm sau, nền kinh tế Canada sẽ tiến 2 bậc lên vị trí thứ 8.

Cùng với Úc, Canada đang thực hiện nhiều chính sách nhập cư nhằm thu hút lực lượng lao động có tay nghề. Chính sách này đã phát huy tác dụng khi tỷ lệ người nhập cư tăng 1,1% trong giai đoạn từ 2014 đến 2018, tương đương với khoảng 300,000 người/năm (theo cebr.com) và tạo ra nhu cầu nhân lực tương ứng

Với tổng GDP đạt hơn 1,7 nghìn tỉ và mức dự đoán tăng trưởng 1,7% mỗi năm từ nay đến 2034, GDP của Canada sẽ tăng gần gấp đôi, tạo ra nhu cầu nhân lực và hàng trăm ngàn việc làm mới cho lực lượng lao động trong giai đoạn này.

Bất chấp dịch bệnh Covid19 đang hoành hành khiến 03 triệu việc làm bốc hơi vào đầu năm (CBC News), tháng 9/2020 kinh tế Canada đang trên đà phục hồi đã thêm 378,000 ngàn việc làm mới tạo ra khoảng 720,000 việc làm thời kỳ “hậu” Covid19 (Statistics Canada).

Trong tổng số công việc đã công bố đợt này thì Ontario chiếm gần một nửa, tiếp theo Quebec, British Columbia, Alberta là các tỉnh bang có nhu cầu tìm kiếm nhân lực nhiều nhất. Trước khí tình hình dịch bệnh diễn ra, Canada đã có thống kê dự đoán về các nghề nghiệp thiếu hụt nhân lực trong khoảng thời gian 10 năm từ 2019 – 2028 (xem thêm 05 nhóm ngành dự báo cần nhân lực).

Nhiều người e ngại “thảm họa” Corona sẽ khiến cho dự báo không thể thành hiện thực. Tuy nhiên với đà phục hồi trên thì nhóm người lạc quan có thể tin tưởng và tham khảo các thông tin dự báo đã công bố.

Ở thời điểm hiện tại, một số tỉnh bang ở Canada hầu hết đều có sự điều chỉnh liên quan đến nhu cầu nhân lực ở các ngành nghề, đặc biệt là các nghề nghiệp nằm trong nhóm định cư tỉnh bang theo nhu cầu nhân lực. Bên dưới là liệt kê các nghề nghiệp “high-demand” ít nhất là trong vài năm tới ở một số tỉnh bang lớn. Người đang có chuyên môn nghề nghiệp có thể xem xét việc định cư hay các em học sinh dự định du học Canada có thể tham khảo để xây dựng lộ trình học trong tương lai gần.

Nhu cầu nhân lực Ontario

Ontario luôn được xem là nơi lý tưởng cho việc học tập với nhiều cơ hội nghề nghiệp sau khi ra trường. Các nghề nghiệp thu hút nhân lực có IT, ICT, sức khỏe, quản trị, tài chính …

National Occupation ClassificationJob Title
NOC 0114Other Administrative Services Manager
NOC 0601Corporate Sales Managers
NOC 1122Professional Occupations in Business Management Consulting
NOC 0124Advertising, Marketing and Public Relation Managers
NOC 0621Retail and Wholesale Trade Managers
NOC 1111Financial Auditors and Accountants
NOC 3012Registered Nurses and Registered Psychiatric Nurses
NOC 0111Financial Managers
NOC 1114Other Financial Officers
NOC 0651Managers in Customer and Personal Services
0131Telecommunication Carriers Managers
0213Computer and Information Systems Managers
2133Electrical and Electronics Engineers
2147Computer Engineers (Except Software engineers and designers)
2171Information Systems Analysts and Consultants
2172Database Analysts and Data Administrators
2173Software Engineers and Designers
2174Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers
2175Web Designers and Developers
2241Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technologists and Technicians
2282User Support Technicians
2283Systems Testing Technicians
5224Broadcast Technicians
5241Graphic Designers and Illustrators
2281Computer Network Technicians

Nhu cầu nhân lực British Columbia

Các loại nghề cần nhu cầu của tỉnh bang này là chuyên gia y tế, lao động ngành công nghệ (tech và IT), tài xế xe tải, chế biến thực phẩm và các công việc tay nghề thấp khác.

Ví trí quản lý ở các ngành nghề yêu cầu phải có bằng cấp lẫn kinh nghiệm

NOC Code Occupation Title
0621 Retail and wholesale trade managers
0631 Restaurant and food service managers
0013 Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services
0714 Facility operation and maintenance managers
0213 Computer and information systems managers
0111 Financial managers
0601 Corporate Sales managers
0122 Banking, credit and other investment managers
0016 Senior managers – construction, transportation, production, and utilities
0124 Advertising, marketing, and public relations manager
0015 Senior manager – trade, broadcasting, and other services
0121 Insurance, real estate, and financial brokerage managers
0621 Retail and wholesale trade managers
0821 Managers in Agriculture
0731 Managers in transportation
0712 Homebuilding and renovation managers
0632 Accommodation service managers
0114 Other administrative services managers
0423 Managers in social, community and correctional services
0112 Human resources managers
0014 Senior managers – health, education, social and community services and membership organizations
0125 Other business services manager
0651 Managers in customer and personal services
0422 School principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education
0113 Purchasing managers
0421 Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training
0211 Engineering managers
0012 Senior government managers and officials
0513 Recreation, sports, and fitness program and service directors
0512 Managers – publishing, motion pictures, broadcasting and performing arts
0912 Utility managers
0212 Architecture and science managers
0412 Government managers – economic analysis, policy development, and program administration
0414 Other managers in public administration

Vị trí đòi hỏi bằng cấp từ cử nhân trở lên

NOC Code Occupation Title
1111 Financial auditors and accountants
4032 Elementary school and kindergarten teachers
2171 Information systems analysts and consultants
2174 Computer programmers and interactive media developers
1114 Other financial officers
4112 Lawyers
1122 Professional occupation in business management consulting
2173 Software engineers and designers
1123 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing, and public relations
4021 College and other vocational instructors
2131 Civil engineers
4011 University professors and lecturers
4163 Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants
1121 Human resources professionals
5131 Producers, directors, choreographers and related occupations
4152 Social workers
4153 Family, marriage and other related counselors
2175 Web designers and developers
5121 Authors and writers
4165 Health policy researchers, consultants, and program officers
2151 Architects
1112 Financial and investment analysts
4161 Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers
1113 Securities agents, investment dealers, and broker
2147 Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
4151 Psychologists

Vị trí đòi hỏi bằng cấp cao đẳng, chứng chỉ hoặc đào tạo nghề

NOC Code Occupation Title
1221 Administrative Officers
4212 Social and community service workers
1311 Accounting technicians and bookkeepers
1241 Administrative assistants
4214 Early Childhood educators and assistants
6232 Real estate agents and salespersons
7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics, and mechanical repairers
5241 Graphic designers and illustrators
6341 Hairstylists and barbers
5254 Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport, and fitness
6221 Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade
1224 Property administrators
4311 Police officers (except commissioned)
6231 Insurance agents and brokers
6235 Financial sales representative
2281 Computer network technicians
2242 Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)
6211 Retail sales supervisors
1215 Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations
1242 Legal administrative assistants
1222 Executive assistants
2282 User support technicians
1243 Medical administrative assistants
2271 Airline pilots, flight engineers, and flying instructors
4211 Paralegal and related occupations
1312 Insurance adjusters and claims examiners
4312 Firefighters
7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
1223 Human resources and recruitment officers
1212 Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers
5221 Photographers
4313 Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces
1315 Customs, ship and other brokers

Vị trí yêu cầu bằng phổ thông hoặc đào tạo chuyên môn

NOC Code Occupation Title
1414 Receptionists
6513 Food and beverage servers
4412 Home support workers, housekeepers and related occupations
4411 Home childcare providers
7513 Taxi and limousine drivers and chauffeurs
1513 Couriers, messengers, and door-to-door distributors
1512 Letter carriers
1511 Mail, postal and related workers

Các vị trí về sức khỏe theo nhu cầu của Bộ Y tế BC

NOC Code Occupation Title
3112 Family Physicians
Nurse Practitioners
3413 Health Care Assistants
3142 Physiotherapists
3143 Occupational therapists
Geriatricians
3233 Licensed practical nurses
Perfusionists
3012 Specialty registered nurses
Psychiatrists
3216 Sonographers
3234 Paramedics
Dermatologists

Nhu cầu nhân lực Quebec

Nếu như xem tỉnh bang này là một quốc gia thu nhỏ thì Quebec có thể được xếp thứ 44 thế giới sau Na Uy về độ lớn. Thế mạnh của bang này là ngành sản xuất, dịch vụ, công nghệ cao và chăm sóc sức khỏe.

Human Resource Managers (NOC – 0112)

Banking, Credit and other Investment managers (NOC – 0122)

Engineering Managers (NOC – 0211)

Computer and Information System Managers (NOC – 0213)

Administrator – Post-secondary Education and Vocational Training (NOC – 0421)

Sales, Marketing and Advertising Managers (NOC – 0611)

Manufacturing Managers (NOC – 0911)

Financial Auditors and Accountants (NOC – 1111)

Financial and Investment Analysts (NOC – 1112)

Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers (NOC – 1113)

Other financial officers (NOC – 1114)

Human Resources professionals (NOC – 1121)

Professional Occupations in Business Management Consulting (NOC – 1122)

Human Resources and Recruitment officers (NOC – 1223)

Assessors, Valuators and Appraisers (NOC – 1314)

Physicists and Astronomers (NOC – 2111)

Geo scientists and Oceanographers (NOC – 2113)

Biologists and Related Scientists (NOC – 2121)

Civil Engineer (NOC – 2131)

Mechanical Engineers (NOC – 2132)

Electrical and Electronics Engineers (NOC – 2133)

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineers (NOC – 2141)

Aerospace Engineers (NOC – 2146)

Computer Engineers (Except Software Engineers and Designers) (NOC – 2147)

Other Professional Engineers, n.e.c (NOC – 2148)

Information Systems Analysts and Consultants (NOC – 2171)

Database Analysts and Data Administrators (NOC – 2172)

Software Engineers and Designers (NOC – 2173)

Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers (NOC – 2174)

Web Designers and Developers (NOC – 2175)

Chemical technologists and technicians (NOC – 2211)

Biological Technologists and Technicians (NOC – 2221)

Agricultural and Fish Products Inspectors (NOC – 2222)

Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians (NOC – 2231)

Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians (NOC – 2232)

Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing Technologists and Technicians (NOC – 2233)

Construction Estimators (NOC – 2234)

Architectural Technologists and Technicians (NOC – 2251)

Industrial Designers (NOC – 2252)

Drafting Technologists and Technicians (NOC – 2253)

Inspectors in Public and Environmental Health and Occupational health & Safety (NOC – 2263)

Construction Inspectors (NOC – 2264)

Computer Network Technicians (NOC – 2281)

User Support Technicians (NOC – 2282)

Systems Testing Technicians (NOC – 2283)

Head Nurses and Supervisors (NOC – 3151)

Registered Nurses (NOC – 3152)

Medical Radiation Technologists (NOC – 3215)

Medical Sonographers (NOC – 3216)

Opticians (NOC – 3151)

Licensed Practical Nurses (NOC – 3233)

Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment (NOC – 3237)

College and Other Vocational Instructors (NOC – 4131)

Psychologists (NOC – 4151)

Business Development Officers and Marketing Researchers and Consultants (NOC – 4163)

Social Policy Researchers, Consultants and Program Officers (NOC – 4164)

Other Professional Occupations in Social Science, n.e.c. (NOC – 4169)

Community and Social Service Workers (NOC – 4212)

Librarians (NOC – 5111)

Archivists (NOC – 5113)

Translators, Terminologists and Interpreters (NOC – 5125)

Library and Public Archive Technicians (NOC – 5211)

Graphic Arts Technicians (NOC – 5223)

Graphic Designers and Illustrators (NOC – 5241)

Technical Sales Specialists – Wholesale Trade (NOC – 6221)

Sales Representatives – Wholesale Trade (Non-Technical) (NOC – 6411)

Machinists and Machining and Tooling Inspectors (NOC – 7231)

Tool and Die Makers (NOC – 7232)

Heavy-duty Equipment Mechanics (NOC – 7312)

Machine Fitters (NOC – 7316)

Aircraft Mechanics and Aircraft Inspectors (NOC – 7315)

Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing (NOC – 9213)

Supervisors, Plastic and Rubber Products Manufacturing (NOC – 9214)

Supervisors, Motor Vehicle Assembling (NOC – 9221)

Supervisors, Electronics Manufacturing (NOC – 9222)

Supervisors, Electrical Products Manufacturing (NOC – 9223)

Supervisors, other Mechanical and Metal Products Manufacturing (NOC – 9226)

Supervisors, Other Products Manufacturing and Assembly (NOC – 9227)

Chemical Plant Machine Operators (NOC – 9421)

Machining Tool Operators (NOC – 9511)

Nhu cầu nhân lực Alberta

Mặc dù dầu khí vẫn là ngành công nghiệp lớn nhất của Alberta, nhưng các lĩnh vực khác như xây dựng, thực phẩm, bán lẻ, dịch vụ, IT và y tế cũng đang ngày càng gia tăng nhu cầu nhân lực.

NOC Code Occupation
6211 Retail Sales Supervisors
2171 Information System Analysts and Consultants
621 Retail and Wholesale Trade Managers
6311 Food Service Supervisors
2174 Computer Programmers and Interactive Media Developers
5241 Graphic Designers and Illustrators
4011 University Professors and Lecturers
2173 Software Engineers and Designers
113 Purchasing Managers
2283 Information System Testing Technicians
4212 Social and Community Service workers
631 Restaurant and Food Service Managers
711 Construction Managers
4031 Secondary School Teachers
1114 Other Financial Officers
2131 Civil Engineers
3233 Licensed Practical Nurses
4152 Social Workers
311 Managers and Health Care
2121 Biologists and Related Scientists
3113 Dentists
822 Managers in Horticulture
3216 Medical Sonographers
114 Other Administrative Services Managers
3112 General Practitioners and Family Physicians
6321 Chef
2232 Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians
3132 Dieticians and Nutritionist
2262 Engineering Inspectors and Regulatory Officers
3012 Registered Nurses
1221 Administrative Officers
1241 Administrative Assistants
6322 Cooks
1122 Professional Occupations in Business Management Consulting
1242 Legal Administrative Assistants
1212 Supervisors, Finance and Insurance Office Workers
2132 Mechanical Engineers
122 Banking, Credit and Other Investment Managers
414 Other Managers in Public Administration
2175 Web Designers and Developers
124 Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations Managers
2134 Chemical Engineers
4033 Educational Counsellors
5242 Interior Designers
601 Corporate Sales Managers
2147 Computer Engineers
6332 Bakers
1311 Accounting Technicians and Bookkeepers
632 Accommodation Service Managers
4021 College and Other Vocational Instructors
2281 Computer Network Technicians
6314 Customer and Information Services Supervisors
2241 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technologists and Technicians
2133 Electrical and Electronics Engineers
211 Engineering Managers
111 Financial Managers
112 Human Resource Managers
3121 Optometrists
3231 Opticians
6341 Hairstylists and Barbers

Nhu cầu nhân lực Saskatchewan

Đây là tỉnh bang quê hương của nông nghiệp và khai thác mỏ do đó đây cũng là tỉnh bang có nhu cầu cao trong lĩnh vực nông nghiệp, chế biến, khai khoáng và thương mại.

NOCOccupation Title
0013Senior managers in financial, communications and other business services
0014Senior managers in health, education, social and community services and membership organizations
0016Senior managers and construction, transportation, production and utilities
0111Financial managers
0112Human resources managers
0113Purchasing managers
0114Other administrative services managers
0121Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers
0122Banking, credit and other investment managers
0124Advertising, marketing and public relations managers
0125Other business services managers
0131Telecommunication carriers managers
0132Postal and courier services managers
0211Engineering managers
0212Architecture and science managers
0213Computer and information systems managers
0421Administrators in post-secondary education and vocational training
0423Managers in social, community and correctional services
0601Corporate sales managers
0621Retail and wholesale trade managers
0631Restaurant and food service managers
0632Accommodation service managers
0651Managers in customer and personal services, n.e.c.
0711Construction managers
0712Home building and renovation managers
0714Facility operation and maintenance managers
0731Managers in transportation
0811Managers in natural resources production and fishing
0821Managers in agriculture
0822Managers in horticulture
0911Manufacturing managers
0912Utilities managers
1112Financial and investment analysts
1114Other financial officers
1121Human resources professionals
1122Professional occupations in business management consulting
1123Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations
1211Supervisors, general office and administrative support workers
1212Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers
1213Supervisors, library, correspondence and related information workers
1214Supervisors, mail and message distribution occupations
1215Supervisors, supply chain, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations
1221Administrative officers
1222Executive assistants
1223Human resources and recruitment officers
1224Property administrators
1225Purchasing agents and officers
1226Conference and event planners
1241Administrative assistants
1242Legal administrative assistants
1243Medical administrative assistants
1251Court reporters, medical transcriptionists and related occupations
1252Health information management occupations
1253Records management technicians
1254Statistical officers and related research support occupations
1311Accounting technicians and bookkeepers
1313Insurance underwriters
2112Chemists
2121Biologists and related scientists
2123Agricultural representatives, consultants and specialists
2131Civil engineers
2132Mechanical engineers
2133Electrical and electronics engineers
2134Chemical engineers
2141Industrial and manufacturing engineers
2142Metallurgical and materials engineers
2143Mining engineers
2144Geological engineers
2147Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
2148Other professional engineers, n.e.c.
2151Architects
2154Land surveyors
2161Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries
2171Information systems analysts and consultants
2172Database analysts and data administrators
2173Software engineers and designers
2174Computer programmers and interactive media developers
2175Web designers and developers
2211Chemical technologists and technicians
2212Geological and mineral technologists and technicians
2221Biological technologists and technicians
2222Agricultural and fish products inspectors
2223Forestry technologists and technicians
2224Conservation and fishery officers
2225Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists
2231Civil engineering technologists and technicians
2232Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians
2233Industrial engineering and manufacturing technologists and technicians
2234Construction estimators
2241Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians
2242Electronic service technicians (household and business equipment)
2243Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics
2244Aircraft instrument, electrical and avionics mechanics, technicians and inspectors
2251Architectural technologists and technicians
2252Industrial designers
2253Drafting technologists and technicians
2254Land survey technologists and technicians
2255Technical occupations in geomatics and meteorology
2261Non-destructive testers and inspection technicians
2262Engineering inspectors and regulatory officers
2263Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety
2264Construction inspectors
2272Air traffic controllers and related occupations
2281Computer network technicians
2282User support technicians
2283Information systems testing technicians
3122Chiropractors
3143Occupational therapists
3211Medical laboratory technologists
3212Medical laboratory technicians and pathologists’ assistants
3214Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
3215Medical radiation technologists
3216Medical sonographers
3217Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists, n.e.c.
3219Other medical technologists and technicians (except dental health)
3223Dental technologists, technicians and laboratory assistants
3234Paramedical occupations
3237Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
4011University professors and lecturers
4021College and other vocational instructors
4033Educational counsellors
4151Psychologists
4152Social workers
4153Family, marriage and other related counsellors
4156Employment counsellors
4161Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4162Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts
4163Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants
4164Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4165Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4166Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4167Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers
4169Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c.
4211Paralegal and related occupations
4212Social and community service workers
4214Early childhood educators and assistants
4215Instructors of persons with disabilities
4216Other instructors
6211Retail sales supervisors
6221Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade
6222Retail and wholesale buyers
6235Financial sales representatives
6312Executive housekeepers
6313Accommodation, travel, tourism and related services supervisors
6315Cleaning supervisors
6316Other services supervisors
6321Chefs
6322Cooks
6331Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers – retail and wholesale
6332Bakers
6342Tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners
6344Jewellers, jewellery and watch repairers and related occupations
6345Upholsterers
7201Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
7202Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
7203Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
7204Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
7205Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
7231Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
7232Tool and die makers
7234Boilermakers
7235Structural metal and platework fabricators and fitters
7236Ironworkers
7237Welders and related machine operators
7241Electricians (except industrial and power system)
7242Industrial electricians
7243Power system electricians
7244Electrical power line and cable workers
7245Telecommunications line and cable workers
7246Telecommunications installation and repair workers
7251Plumbers
7252Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
7271Carpenters
7272Cabinetmakers
7281Bricklayers
7282Concrete finishers
7283Tile setters
7284Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
7291Roofers and shinglers
7292Glaziers
7293Insulators
7294Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
7295Floor covering installers
7301Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
7302Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
7304Supervisors, railway transport operations
7305Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators
7311Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
7312Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
7313Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
7314Railway Carmen/women
7315Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
7321Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
7322Motor vehicle body repairers
7332Appliance servicers and repairers
7333Electrical mechanics
7334Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
7335Other small engine and small equipment repairers
7362Railway conductors and brakemen/women
7371Crane operators
7373Water well drillers
7381Printing press operators
7384Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.
8211Supervisors, logging and forestry
8221Supervisors, mining and quarrying
8222Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling and services
8231Underground production and development miners
8241Logging machinery operators
8252Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
9211Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
9212Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
9213Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing
9215Supervisors, forest products processing
9226Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing
9231Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
9232Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
9241Power engineers and power systems operators

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